Living in Daejeon

Korean Educational System

The Korean school system, the backbone of the education system, is a unified structure connecting the different school levels. Korea has a single-track, 6-3-3-4 system, which maintains a single line of school levels in order to ensure that every citizen can receive elementary, secondary, and higher education without discrimination and in line with his or her ability. It is mandatory to complete nine years of school, from elementary to middle school. Students are eligible to take the college entrance test (KSAT) after graduating from high school and enroll at a university that . The pass of the yearly qualification tests allows one to progress to the next level study. The Korean academic year starts in March until late July, when schools break up for summer vacation. The second half of the semester starts in September and ends in mid-December, breaking up for winter until early February. The city has 138 elementary schools, 86 middle schools, and 60 high schools. In addition, there are 4 special schools for children who are blind, hearing impaired, and other cognitive or physical disabilities.

  • Korean Education System
    • Primary school (six years): from age 7/8 to 13 (WESTERN age: 6/7 to 12/13)
    • Middle school (three years): from age 14 to 16 (13-15/16)
    • High school (three years): from age 17 to 19 (16-18)
    • University (four years): from age 19 (18)

Elementary School Education

Starting at aged 6, children attend primary school, which lasts for 6 years. The subjects taught at this stage are Korean Language, Mathematics, Social Studies, Art and Physical Education. English as a foreign language is introduced in Grade 3. Primary education is free and compulsory. Parents not enrolling their children to school may face prosecution.

  • Early Entry
    • This system enables a child under five to enter school, but such registration would be accepted only from 31th of December to January 1st.
  • Delay Entry
    • Parents wishing to delay their child’s education could do so, but such registration would be accepted only from 31th of December to January 1st.

Middle School Education

Middle school, where students study the Korean Language, Social Studies, Art, Home Education, Physical Education, Music and Foreign Languages, is three years long. . Students normally attend a middle school that is located near their home. Both primary and middle school education are compulsory.

  • Youth Counselor Support Center
    • Youth counselor support center was established to protect the rights of youth and ensure their quality of life. Dial 1388 without any area code and you will be connected to the nearest youth support center.
  • Reporting School Violence
    • School violence is a situation in which students intentionally physically or verbally abuse each other. If witnessed, the abuse must be immediately reported to the class teacher. The class teacher will then report the abuse to the school's administration and the culprit will be punished after an investigation is carried out.
      • Emergency consultation center: ☎1588-9128, 7179
      • Youth emergency ☎1388
      • Support center for female victims of violence: ☎177 (include area code when dialing from a cell phone.)

High School

High schools in Korea are divided into four categories: general, science , technical , and special purpose . Each one is for a duration of three years. Entrance examination are required for science or technical high school admission. Unlike primary and middle school education, attending high school is not compulsory; therefore students may choose any school, as a tuition fee is required. This fee varies depending on the area and the provisions of the school. Generally, with the exception of technical and science high schools, it is around 400,000won per semester (3 months). In rare instances, this fee is waived for family in particularly dire financial situations.